About ISIS


Technical Documents


Technical Documents



ISIS 3 Application Documentation


Printer Friendly View | TOC | Home

Import PDS/FITS formatted Hayabusa image into ISIS cube

Overview Parameters


This application will import and convert a Hayabusa Asteroid Multiband Imaging Camera (AMICA) PDS image to an ISIS cube. The application reads and translates eight AMICA filters. See chart in AMICA Filters below for details on the different filters.


  • Detached header file (.lbl) (FROM)
  • Raw image data (.fit) (specified in FROM label)
  • Output ISIS file name (.cub) (TO)
  • Users may need to override the target name (TARGET)

The input PDS formatted detached header file (.lbl) for the Hayabusa AMICA image must be used in the FROM parameter. This header contains a reference to a FITS formatted file ending in a .fit extension containing the image data. Both files must reside in the same directory or errors will occur.

When TARGET Parameter Should Be Specified

  • When Hayabusa AMICA EDR labels contain an incorrect value for the TARGET_NAME keyword
  • Define TARGET = "SKY" to later project the data with skymap.

Mission Overview

The Hayabusa spacecraft was launched on 9 May 2003. The AMICA instrument acquired more than 1,400 multispectral and high resolution images of the asteroid 25143 Itokawa beginning 12 September 2005 for three months. The primary goal of the mission was to land on the asteroid and return samples to Earth. The spacecraft safely landed on Itokawa in November 2005 and returned the samples to Earth in June 2010. Further information can be found in Ishiguro et al. (2010)

During the rendezvous phase with Itokawa, Hayabusa was designed to find its position relative to the asteroid autonomously using optical navigation cameras (ONC) and range data based on light-detection and ranging (LIDAR) technology. The ONC-T, a refractive telescope camera head, is referred to as the AMICA when used for scientific observations. Prior to "touch-and-go sampling", Itokawa was mapped by AMICA to select sampling sites free of serious obstacles such as meter-sized boulders and craters.

Instrument Overview

The AMICA instrument is a refracting telescope consisting of five lenses, each of which is cosmic-radiation-resistant and anti-reflection coated. A quartz optical parallel window is placed in front of the first lens for radiation protection. The SITe charge-coupled device (CCD) chip, developed and built by NEC TOSHIBA Space Systems, Ltd., is of the back-illuminated MPP (Multi-Pinned Phase) type. The CCD is kept below -10 degrees C in ordinary in-flight condition. The CCD dimensions are 1024 x 1000 visible pixels (full dimensions are 1024 x 1024) and the camera field of view is 5.83 x 5.69 degrees. The 12 columns on either side of the 1024 x 1000 pixel array are dark due to an obscuring mask. DNs in these areas were found to be dependent on both incident flux and wavelength, suggesting that the masks are not perfectly impermeable to light. Therefore, these pixels cannot be used for dark current correction. The remaining unobscured region has the dimensions 1000 x 1000.

AMICA is one of the ONCs comprised of three units: three CCD camera heads (ONC-T, ONC-W1, and ONC-W2), an analog signal processing unit (ONC-AE), and a digital signal processing unit (ONC-E). AMICA (ONC-T) and two wide-angle navigation cameras (ONC-W1 and ONC-W2) are controlled through ONC-E and ONC-AE, and the signals obtained are converted from analog to digital in ONC-AE. The digitized images are numerically processed by the ONC-E. The design of the AMICA camera head flight model is essentially the same as that of its prototype model. It is a CCD camera with a refractor telescope consisting of cosmic radiation-resistant and antireflection-coated lenses. The CCD device was configured in a frame-transfer architecture with an image area and a frame storage area. The depth of field (the distance between the camera and objects that are observed in focus) was designed to be 75 m to infinity.

AMICA has an eight position filter wheel, of which seven filters are nearly equivalent to the ECAS bands (Tedesco et al. 1982). Below is a table of the filters and their specifications:

AMICA Filters

The following table provides the specifications for each of the eight AMICA filters.

AMICA Filter Specifications
Name Wavelength (nm) FWHM (nm)
ul 381 45
b 429 108
v 553 72
w 700 70
x 861 81
p 960 75
zs 1008 66
WIDE 650 300

Data Archive

The Hayabusa AMICA data archive is located at several locations. The Japanese provide the data from the Japanese Hayabusa AMICA archive website. The data are also available from the NASA PDS Small Bodies Node and is the recommended source.

The file naming convention for ONC images is {T}{C}{nnnnnnnnnn}_{filter}.fits, where: {T} indicates the type of data ("S" for scientific data or "N" for navigation data), {C} identifies the name of the instrument (T, W1, and W2 for ONC-T (i.e. AMICA), ONC-W1, and ONC-W2, respectively); {nnnnnnnnnn} is the mission elapsed time when the images is generated in ONC-E; {filter} is the name of the filter (ul, b, v, w, x, p, and zs, respectively).


Ishiguro, Masateru, et al. "The Hayabusa Spacecraft Asteroid Multi-band Imaging Camera (AMICA)". Icarus 207.2 (2010): 714-731.
Tedesco, E.F., D.J. Tholen, and B. Zellner. The eight-color asteroid survey: Standard stars. Astron. J. 87, 1587-1592, 1982.



Kris Becker2013-11-27 Original version
Kris Becker2014-04-03 Added support for subimage areas. This was done by using the AlphaCube (or crop) feature which provides necessary elements for the AMICA camera model to work properly. Fixes #2056.
Kris Becker2015-02-26 Removed AlphaCube usage to favor more flexible implementation in the AMICA camera model. Output of the image data is now in real format. Fixes #2180 and #2193.

Parameter Groups


Name Description
FROM Input PDS formatted detached header file for AMICA image
TOOutput ISIS3 cube filename


Name Description
TARGETProvide target name if absent or incorrect in input (FROM) label

Files: FROM


This file is the PDS label (ending in .lbl) to the image data. The image data are stored in FITS format with the detached .lbl file describing generic access to the data. The program, amica2isis, will also read the FITS file and extract the header contained therein. Some FITS label values are transferred to the output ISIS files as well for completeness.

Type filename
File Mode input
Filter *.lbl *.LBL
Close Window

Files: TO


Use this parameter to select the output filename of the ISIS cube generated by this application.

Type cube
File Mode output
Pixel Type real
Filter *.cub
Close Window

Parameters: TARGET


This parameter may be necessary as some AMICA EDR labels may not contain correct values for the TARGET_NAME keyword. This parameter can be used to provide the correct name of the target. It may also be used to specify SKY as the target to support projecting data to the celestial sphere.

Type string
Internal Default Label Value
Close Window